In Singapore, majority of the population are aware of the Central Provident Fund (CPF) as well as the various CPF schemes. However, many Singaporeans may not know much about the Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS), let alone participate in the scheme. One possible key reason is that the SRS is termed as a retirement plan, which many Singaporeans would not have considered in the early years of their career.
While there are an incredible number of plans out there that cater to different investment goals, the SRS is one that is more unique as it is a scheme driven by the government, yet participation remains voluntary. The SRS encourages individuals to save up for their retirement by offering tax benefits.
What Exactly Is The Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS)?
The SRS is a government scheme that complements the Central Provident Fund (CPF). While CPF is compulsory, the SRS is a voluntary scheme. The CPF savings are meant to provide for housing, medical needs and basic needs upon retirement, while the contributions towards the SRS may be used to purchase various investment instruments as well as reduce income tax.
Here are 6 myths about the SRS that all Singaporeans should be aware of.
Myth #1: SRS Is Part Of CPF
SRS is not part of your CPF. Many Singaporeans have the misconception that the SRS is part of your CPF. Instead, the SRS complements your CPF. The SRS is a scheme driven by the government, however it is operated by three banks in Singapore, namely OCBC, DBS and UOB.
The uses of SRS and CPF also differ. CPF is focused on the three key areas of housing, medical needs and basic needs upon retirement. The SRS is ultimately a retirement scheme that provides tax relief and flexibility. While the CPF is a compulsory monthly contribution, contribution towards your SRS is voluntary and you may contribute to your SRS account at any time and as often as you wish, up to a maximum contribution cap of S$15,300 for Singaporeans and PRs, and S$35,700 for foreigners.
Myth #2: SRS Is Only For Citizens Above 50
Indeed, the word retirement lies within the SRS. However, it is never too early to think about your retirement.
While the SRS is labelled as a retirement scheme, one only needs to be at least 18 years old to apply for the SRS. Open to young adults as well, the SRS can help Singaporeans of all ages prepare for retirement by supplementing funds present in the CPF.
Myth #3: Only High-Income Earners Should Apply For The SRS
It is undeniable that the benefits of this scheme do indeed skew towards the high-income earners.
People with higher taxable income stand to reduce their income tax by a larger sum due to Singapore’s progressive income tax system where people with a higher income are taxed at a higher rate. However, this does not mean that the SRS excludes lower-income earners from benefitting from this scheme. Lower-income earners can opt to contribute smaller amounts to help offset some of their taxes. While the tax relief might not be as significant as that of the high-income earners, reducing your income tax is always a benefit regardless of your income bracket.
Myth #4: Your Money Is Locked Away
One of the worries with money set aside for retirement in certain schemes is that the money cannot be touched until you reach retirement age. Under the SRS, you have the option of withdrawing the funds from your SRS account anytime.
However, 100% of the amount withdrawn will be subjected to tax. In addition, withdrawals made before the statutory retirement age will be subjected to a 5% penalty. Hence it would be wise to avoid withdrawing from your SRS until your retirement, except those made under exceptional circumstances, e.g. on medical grounds.
Myth #5: SRS Withdrawals Can Only Be In Cash
Besides cash withdrawals, SRS gives you the flexibility of choosing your withdrawals to be made in the form of investments. This would go directly to your Central Depository (CDP) account.
Allowing withdrawals to be made in the form of investment products allows SRS members to continue to hold their SRS investments outside of the scheme without having to incur the transaction costs to first liquidate their SRS investments (should the withdrawal terms be in cash) and thereafter re-purchase the same investments outside of the SRS.
SRS also allows for flexibility even during retirement. Upon reaching your retirement age, you can spread out your withdrawals over a maximum of 10 years. Under Singapore’s progressive tax system, this would generally result in greater tax savings.
Myth #6: Only You Can Contribute To Your SRS
Your employer can contribute to your SRS as well. Your employer can contribute to your SRS account on your behalf, provided that you have given written instruction or authorization to your employer to do so. You may also deposit your pay cheques into your SRS account, subject to the SRS contribution cap.
Here’s How You Can Benefit From Participating In The SRS
Contributions to the SRS are eligible for tax relief. Each dollar of SRS contribution will reduce your income chargeable to tax by a dollar, provided your personal income tax relief (including the SRS relief) does not exceed $80,000 for the Year of Assessment. Your entire SRS contribution is tax-deductible in the following year.
While it is up to you to determine how much to contribute to the SRS, there is a cap in place to limits the amount you can contribute. Currently, the SRS contribution cap stands at $15,300 for Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents; and $35,700 for foreigners.
Another key benefit of the SRS is that it allows you the flexibility of using your SRS money to invest in other investment vehicles. This includes approved ETFs, local shares, REITs, bonds, fixed deposits, single-premium insurance plans and unit trusts. Returns on your investments will be directed back to your SRS account. Investment returns are accumulated tax-free, before withdrawal, with only 50% of the withdrawals from SRS being taxable at retirement.
Apply for the OCBC SRS Account today
To participate in the SRS, you must first open an SRS account.
Ways to apply: